Replicating and Scaling Up Workforce Development Models
August 20, 2009 – 1:30 p.m.
|Presenters: ||Soraya Salti, JA Worldwide/INJAZ Middle East|
Pamela Young, Plan USA
Sourav Banerjee, USAID India
Nalini Gangadharan, CAP Foundation
|Moderator: ||Caroline Fawcett, Education Development Center (EDC)|
As workforce development programs (WFD) have been scaling up significantly over the last decade, this session addressed best practices for replicating and scaling up WFD programs with a particular focus on empowering youth. Case studies from India, the Middle East, and Vietnam were presented as successful examples in terms of scaling up, sustainability, cost effectiveness, and education and employment outcomes. Presenters shared several key dimensions that must be considered in these complex efforts: fiscal, political (on national, local, and community levels), economic, cultural, and partnerships.
Regarding the Indian case study, Nalini Gangadharan reported on the CAP Foundation and the importance of certain preconditions for scaling up and sustainability- including that the project “owner” must recognize opportunities for growth, share ownership, and open the project to the public domain. Following this model, the CAP program grew from 8 training centers in three Indian states in 2006, to 105 training centers in 14 states, linking livelihood training to employment opportunities for youth and disadvantaged populations. Sharing ownership also means forging multiple “stakeholderships” (rather than partnerships) between government agencies, implementers, NGOs, and the corporate sector where benefits, interests, and responsibilities for all actors are clearly communicated.
Leveraging private sector resources and support from local businesses plays a vital role in partnerships, as highlighted by Soraya Salti’s discussion of Junior Achievement (JA) activities in the Middle East. Driven entirely by the private sector, the program managed to expand from one to twelve countries in Middle East and North Africa, engaging 10,000 volunteers from the corporate sector. Strong networks of partnerships and alliances with the private sector were able to drive WFD scaling up, shape curricula, and even influence government policies.
Recognizing the driving power of the private sector in scaling up workforce development, Plan USA has been expanding its outreach partnership efforts in the second phase of their Vietnam project, aimed at increased scaling up and developing training centers in various provinces. Plan will also pilot integration with state-run vocational schools in Vietnam as a way of expanding the program.
Key take away points from this session included linking scaling up efforts with education centers, including vocational centers, can help lower costs per student and offer more flexibility in adapting the model. This has been a successful practice for some WFD scaling up efforts; however it has also brought additional challenges such as large class sizes due to high interest and low pay for trainers and teachers. Panelists suggested that donor programming should tie their activities to a framework of sufficient length – five years or more – so that programming can be appropriately tested and measured before scaling up.
To view the presentations, please click on link below:
Plan USA, Young :
USAID India, Banerjee :